According to legend, Pisa was founded by some mythical refugees Trojans coming from the Greek city of Pisa, post a time in the Valley of the river Alfeo, in Peloponnese.

Among the most important monuments of the city there is the famous piazza del Duomo, known as Piazza dei Miracoli, with the Cathedral built between 1063 and the 1118 in style Pisan and the Leaning tower, Bell Twelfth century today one of the world's most famous Italian monuments due to its characteristic inclination.

Pisa is perhaps the city is known worldwide for its squares, inside the town, divided by the River Arno, are opened between the alleys interesting medieval squares and corners a time business locations or public institutions.

The Piazza del Duomo, also known by the poetic expression of miracles, is the most important artistic and tourist centre of Pisa, one can admire masterpieces of Romanesque architecture European monuments that form the Centre of religious life: the Cathedral, the baptistery, the camposanto, and the campanile.

The Duomo: the heart of the complex is the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, the Cathedral medieval. The building, like the Bell Tower collapsed perceptibly in the soil, and some instability in the building are clearly visible, as the differences in level between the nave of Buscheto and extension by Rainald (the spans to the West and the façade). Pisan Romanesque style was created precisely from this church and then exported to the rest of Tuscany, but also in Corsica and Sardinia, formerly under the control of the Republic of Pisa.

The Bell Tower of Santa Maria: known as "the leaning tower" or "the leaning tower", and simply "the tower" in Pisa, is precisely the Bell Tower of the Cathedral. Under it the land has slightly caved in, causing it to tilt to some degree. The angle continued for many years, until it comes to rest after the restoration works ended in the early 21st century.

The Baptistery: dedicated to St John The Baptist, stands in front of the West façade of the Duomo. The building was started in the mid-12th century, the Interior is surprisingly simple and without decorations, also an exceptional acoustics. It is the largest Baptistry in Italy: its circumference measures 107.25 m.

The Campo Santo: the monumental cemetery is located on the northern edge of the square. Is a structured form of cloister cemetery with graves terrigne. The ground inside the Court is actually a relic, as the Earth from the Mount Calvary in the Holy Land, transported with several ships by Pisa after the Fourth Crusade, from which the name "field" (lot of land) "Holy".

Piazza dei Miracoli

Another square famous is that of Knights where there is the Palazzo della Carovana designed by Giorgio Vasari, including the complex decoration of the façade. In the same square stands the Church of the Knights of Santo Stefano, also of Vasari. Inside there are paintings of Giorgio Vasari, Jacopo Ligozzi, Agnolo Bronzino, Alessandro Fei and Jacopo Chimenti said Empoli.

Piazza dei Cavalieri

The Borgo Stretto and medieval markets are an area where you can walk to covered with medieval arcades. Along the way, which along with Italy, Course is the "living room" of the city. The eighteenth-century nobles ' Casino and the Roman baths, called Bagni di Nerone delineate the length. Medieval markets, as well as under the arcades of via cited, were held regularly in small squares and narrow streets, towers well as piazza delle Vettovaglie and Sant'Omobono, which host the market Fruit, Piazza Cairoli (known as the sedan), ancient market of cabbage and Gondolas, for goods from the Monti Pisani. To the South we find piazza Chiara Gambacorti (or as everyone knows her PEAR square), once famous for the fish and flower market.

Among the museums certainly be counted are: National Museum of San Matteo which houses important works of religious art such as the Madonna del Latte di Andrea Pisano, the Sao Paulo of Masaccio, a series of crosses painted and statues from Church of Santa Maria della Spina and the Museo nazionale di Palazzo Reale National Museum which houses paintings of Rosso Fiorentino and Raffaello Sanzio, antique weapons Bridge game and the gipsoteca of Italo Griselli.

The game of bridge is a historical celebration that every year on the last Saturday in June, takes place on the Ponte di Mezzo in Pisa.

The game, in which you face the judiciary (representing boroughs) gathered in parts of Noon and Tramontana (South and North of theArno), consists, in pushing a cart along a specially mounted on track Ponte di Mezzo. Before the battle takes place the historical procession comprising 710 participants, of whom 41 riding, all in sixteenth-century Spanish style costume. The procession winds on the four streets that line the Arno River City Central tract called Riversides.

Il gioco del ponte